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What Agreement By All Parties Does Swift Seek To Establish In The Second Paragraph Of The Essay

This line is a fine example of the irony of the situation and rhetorical positioning. Readers who take this line literally might expect Swift to offer a modest idea. However, the second sentence, which claims that no one will object, shows the irony of the situation and the proposal it must follow. Many people, including Swift, have tried to solve the problem of Anglo-Irish relations. None of the solutions have been successful. There has also been a considerable active debate about what to do. Swift has made several proposals. They were all rejected. To claim that no one would object to such a situation is a great reversal of the current situation, a kind of ironic exaggeration. Leave your beloved country of origin to fight for the Pretender in Spain, or sell yourself to Barbadoes. Swift concludes his essay with a short paragraph in which he resumes his own ethics.

He says his only goals are to improve the country, help the poor and please the rich. This last point is clearly a wink. The pleasure of the rich is not generally accepted as ethically good. The following sentence also frees Swift from her own interest; Since his family cannot benefit financially from his program, his hands are clean. I think all parties agree that this astonishing number of children in the arms, on the backs or on the heels of their mothers and often of their fathers in the present deplorable state of the kingdom is a very great additional sadness; And anyone who could find a fair, cheap and simple way to make these children healthy and useful members of the community would win so well with the public that his statue would be erected for a guardian of the nation. I admit that this meal will be a bit expensive and therefore very good for the owners who, as they have already devoured most parents, seem to have the best title for children. Reference to external sources is a common way of building rhetorical authority. The author does not need to rely on the fact that readers only trust him, but can also get involved in the ethics (personal authority or character) of other people. In addition, Swift invites readers to join him in case of common logical errors such as train error. Because other good people already support this idea, reading smokers should too. Finally, the idea that others propose suggests changes in his proposal, that is, that it is not a new idea.

It`s a well-established idea. This gives more authority to Swift`s proposal. In 1729, when Swift published this essay, he had made for decades more traditional proposals on how to improve the Irish condition. It is a moment of bitterness at his alleged lack of success. In the statement, he is also positioned rhetorically. This shows that this proposal was not the work of a madman. Instead, excessive frustration prompted Swift to do so. Swift says in essence: “I tried everything else, and nothing worked!” This one long sentence is the whole second paragraph.

In this document, Swift establishes common ground with her reader and says that everyone in Ireland agrees that it is serious to have so many poor beggars in the country. Then he follows him with a statement that works as a statement if/then in logic: if someone could find a solution, then that person would be a national hero. One of the things that made the Irish so poor was their relationship with land ownership. Most Irish farmers did not own the land they owned, but were tenants of landlords. Many of these owners were English, and they lived far from their country. As a result, they did not have to deal with the results of their policies. Irish farmers have hardly taken advantage of their work: they have sold almost all of their annual harvest to pay rent.