Although opposition and public outcry over the government`s decision to lease the Red Fort to the Dalmia Bharat Group continue, a fine reading of the agreement shows that the agreement does not allow “profit.” In 1868, the United States entered into a contract with a collective of Indian groups, historically known as Sioux (Dakota, Lakota and Nakota) and Arapaho. The contract founded the Great Sioux Reservation, a large part of the country west of the Missouri River. He also called the Black Hills “indecensed Indian territory” for the exclusive use of natives. But when gold was found in the Black Hills, the United States rejected the agreement, redefined the boundaries of the treaty and limited the Sioux people – traditionally nomadic hunters – to an agricultural lifestyle on the reserve. It was a blatant repeal, which has since been at the centre of the legal debate. Although some tribal chiefs signed it in April 1868, Red Cloud refused to sign alone, promising. He was waiting for the fortresses to be set on fire. Seven months after the signing of the contract, the Red Cloud war finally ended when, on November 6, 1868, he affixed his stamp next to his name. The full agreement for the maintenance of the Red Fort is shown below and important sections have been highlighted. Article of the agreement and surrender, made and completed on this ninth day of August, one thousand eight hundred and eighteen, between Major General Andrew Jackson, on behalf of the President of the United States of America, and the chiefs, deputies and warriors of the Creek Nation.
The Treaty of Fort Laramie of 1868 will be exhibited until March 2019 in the exhibition “Nation at the United Nations: Treaties between the United States and the American Indian Nations” at the National Museum of American Indians in Washington, D.C. The entire 36ts agreement is available online. It would be easy to think of this 150-year-old document as an artifact of America`s uncomfortable past, says Darrell Drapeau, a member of the Yankton Sioux Tribal Council, which teaches American Indian studies at Ihanktowan Community College. But it is important to remember, he says, that the U.S. Constitution – a document that determines daily life in America – was signed almost four generations ago, 231 years ago. Not only did the terms of the contract close Bozeman Road and promise the demolition of the fortresses, but they also guaranteed exclusive occupation of the vast reserves, including the Black Hills. White settlers were excluded from tribal hunts in adjacent “unborn” areas. It should be noted that the treaty stipulated that future land forfeiture was prohibited unless the agreement of 75 per cent of the men of the adult tribe was respected.